Wise also brings up the idea of of differential treatment. There is an inequality of opportunity and condition for people of color. Often times in schools students are separated into class levels, that will determine how far they can go in their high school careers based more on stereotypes and "racial profiling" than by their actual intellectual ability. This is unfair and places an unfair disadvantage on students of color and/or minority.
This article, "I taught my black kids that their elite upbringing would protect them from discrimination. I was wrong", offers great insight into the ideas of discrimination, racism, and privilege in the world we are living in today, in 2014.